FAHM-I-ISLAM

Authors:   Saeeda Shahana[1], Dr.Miraj ul Islam Zia[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.1

Abstract

Black magic or sehar (Arabic) refers to a practice or an art in which an individual uses satanic powers to achieve the impossible, their own or other’s evil designs, and harm or dupe others. It is an art that can be taught and acquired .With the help of satanic and evil forces ,this art is acquired through great efforts, and requires repudiation of all that is in the Quran and the Sunnah to gain the favor of the supernatural forces, such as Satan and Jinnat. This paper is an attempt to study the truth of this practice in the light of (a) The Quran and Sunnah (b) the saying of the Four Imam (c) the viewpoint of Imam Fakhruddin Razi in Tafseer-e-Kabeer. It includes that (1) the effect of sehar depends on whether Allah wills it or not; and the one who practices Black Magic is considered an apostate whereas the one under the effect of sehar has their reward; and (2) practicing Black Magic is a great sin which may lead to a Muslim magician’s eviction from Islam which is punishable by death according to the four school of thoughts of Islam.

Authors:   Dr.Zainab Ameen[1], Sana Zia[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.2

Abstract

Like the limits of crime, crimes against human life and body are also very dangerous in terms of their effects, so the Qur'an has fixed their punishment for them. Islamic law has set specific punishments for it, and it does not allow any kind of crime to be reduced. These crimes have schakled the very basis of society and they have to be dealt with severely. The basic elements of society are the need to protect the structures on which the lives and deaths of society depend. These crimes can be basically divided into two types: 1.Crimes against human beings (e.g. murder) 2.Crimes against the human body. There is a long way to go around, and in the meantime, this kind of research is needed, the seriousness of which is far greater than the rest of researches. This article examined the crimes against humanity in the light of Islamic law. 

Authors:   Dr.Sardar Zamin[1], Dr. Bazahir Khan[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.3

Abstract

Imam Ghazali (450-505 AH) is an eminent Islamic scholar. His period of Tasawuf (Mysticism) ranged from 400 to 676 AH. His contribution in the field of Tasawuf (Mysticism), Philosophy and Ilm-ul-Kalam is highly appreciated from time to time and from place to place. The present article throws light on his mystical thoughts about worship and affairs. He has expressed his valuable views about worships including basic Islamic beliefs, seeking of knowledge, Namaz, Zakat and kinds of Zakat, Roza (Fast), Hajj and everyday Azkaar in his great works such as Ihya-ul-uloom, Mishkat al-Anwar, Kimya-yi-Saadetin detail. Moreover, he has also discussed the worldly affairs such as affairs regarding marriage (Nikkah), principles of eating Meal, affairs regarding trade and business and principles of love of Mankind. Through mysticism, Imam Ghazali has presented a well proportional relationship between the Islamic beliefs and affairs through his philosophical thoughts. The article also highlights that what are his principles regarding Islamic beliefs and worldly affairs? How the teaching of Tasauf (Mysticism) affects worship, and worldly affairs? At the same time he has also mentioned that how can we lead a successful life if we follow the great principles of Islam, mentioned in the Quran and Hadith. 

Authors:   Dr.Aurang zeb[1], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.4

Abstract

Over the past several years, despite the constant evolution of the legislation the problem of gender equality in the West has been steadily increasing. What is the reason why there is no significant progress in solving gender equality issues in the West yet? Several reports and researches have pointed out to this problem. On the contrary, Islam provides a viable solution to this ever increasing problem; for Islam has a comprehensive yet simple view of gender equality. But the West, instead of understanding Islamic principles objectively, raises objections without a thorough study. However, the Western principle of gender equality has completely failed. In this article a critical analysis of the western gender equality and Islamic principles has been carried out. It also highlights Islamic view point of gender equality. The study argues that the contemporary gender equality problems and issues that have engulfed the world particularly the Western countries can be mitigated by employing the Islamic principles of gender equality

Authors:   Maryam Noureen[1], Dr.Bazahir Khan[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.5

Abstract

Hinduism is one of the most ancient religions of the world originated in the Subcontinent. This religion has always been of a significant value in the history of world religions. The subcontinent has been the birth place of many Dharmic Religions like Buddhism and Jainism, as well as it has been a center of many Abrahamic Religions such as Christianity and Islam. The Interaction between the Muslims and the ancient people of subcontinent began right after the migration of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم in Madinah. Therefore, the Muslim scholars tended to study the religion of Indian people and their life style. Abu Rehan Alberuni was the first person who initiated Indology, the study of indo religions. He wrote an encyclopedic book من ماللہند تحقیق فی کتاب" .مقالہ مقبولہ ومردود" After Al-Beruni, the Hinduism became a subject of research for the muslim scholars. Many Muslim scholars like Maulana Ubaid Ullah, Dr. Meher Abdulhaq, Maulana Shams Naveed, Dr. Zakir Naik and Muhammad Shariq have profound academic works on Hinduism. Therefore, in this article the views of these thinkers and understanding of Hinduism will be reviewed.

Authors:   Aman Ullah[1], Bakht Shed[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.6

Abstract

The main feature and distinction of Prophet Muhammad SAWS, Prophethood is his preaching the humanity and invitation towards the religion of Islam. Allah sent him as the last of his prophets. His preaching of the religion is an eternal argument which shows that the message of the Prophet is the last, his prophecy is the last and that the religion Islam is the eternal rule for mankind. The principles and methods of preaching adopted by the Holy Prophet SAWS are studied here in this research “The Scientific Analysis and Research of Prophetic preaching methods in context of the Holy Quran”. The research shows that these principles and methods of preaching are the eternal source of guidance for all of the human beings. These are the methods by which we can preach and spread the religion, Islam throughout the world.

Authors:   Dr.Saeed-ul Haq Jadoon[1], M.Saeed Shafiq[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.7

Abstract

The teaching and learning of Quran is a great blessing that is why the Islamic scholar have played a pivotal role in this regard. They also intensified their efforts immensely in publishing of Quranic knowledge. Allah took great services of Quranic words and meanings fromUlama and Islamic Researchers. The modern age due to specialization which were introduced in the Holy Quran, among these one is Quranic lectures. The monumental scholars, Researchers and the experts of Quranic Knowledge deliver lectures on different subjects from which general and specific people take advantage equallly. This kind of teaching adopted the shape of permanent Art in the modern era. Dr. Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi and maulana Dr. Sher Ali Shah were also international level scholars and researchers, who were called upon by the people for Quranic lectures in country and foreign. The Quranic lectures delivered by Dr Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi and Dr.Sher Ali Shah were very beneficial for Quranic students and scholars. In this Article we discuss Comparative Study of Quranic lectures of Dr. Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi and Molana Dr. Sher Ali Shah

Authors:   Hafiz Muhammad Shariq[1], Maryam Noreen[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.8

Abstract

Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, is a role model for all mankind. In every domain of life, one may find the best shining example to follow. For this reason, it has always been an extremely important practice of Muslim Scholars to write prophetic biography. Many Muslim scholars have contributed by means of books of Seerah (Biography) and provided guidance in connection with modern challenges and conditions. Most of the known writers are male, however there are many female writers in the contemporary world who have been engaged in contributing to Biographical Studies. The article is an effort to analyze the contemporary work on Seerah done by the women scholars. We aim to examine the features, research methodology and the trends in the work done on the Prophetic Biography

Authors:   Sana Zia[1], Shabana Noreen[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.9

Abstract

Aḥādīth is the second most important source of guidance in Islamic jurisprudence. Aḥādīth is the collection of traditions which consists of the Prophet (PBUH) sayings as well as an account of his daily practice. The companions of the prophet took great care in accounting aḥādīth in light of the Prophet’s (PBUH) sayings. However, the later generations overlooked that diligent practice and attempted to fabricate aḥādīth in order to destroy Islam. This can be illustrated from an event when a person who was about to be hanged mocked caliph Haroon ur Rasheed about four thousand aḥādīth fabricated by him. The Caliph replied that he didn’t know Abdullah bin Mubarak who would sift these aḥādīth. Hence the Ummah felt the urgent need to cleanse the traditions of the Prophet(PBUH)from impure ambitions of liars, and so the practice of delving deep into the background of the narrators of aḥādīth like where they were born, instructed, travelled became important. In this way, the scholars developed the system of Jarhwa Ta'deel through which they divided aḥādīth into different categories according to the life and conduct of narrators. One such category is known as "Weak aḥādīth." In this paper, weak traditions from the book of aḥādīth especially Fazaile A’mal are selected in order to discuss their weaknesses and the scholars’ perspective on them.

Authors:   Dr.Rashida Perveen[1], Dr.khadija Aziz[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.10

Abstract

The study of world religions makes it clear that after the basic teachings of every religion, which had came into being after the arrival of human beings in this world, the moral teachings have been given the utmost importance. The improvement in the individual and collective life of people depends on moral education which gives them the feeling of an atmosphere of peace and tranquility in the world. The teachings of moral education also gives a sense of equality in a society in which everyone is assured of the protection of his/her rights and interests. Resultantly, in a society where the roots of "good morals" are strong, society never goes astray. The importance of morality for the individual and collective life of human beings could be gauged by the fact that all religious leaders of the world teach their followers good morals and human rights. The moral teachings also help in distinguishing lawful, unlawful, good, and evil. The religious leaders forbid followers to do things that make them or their social life suffer in the wrong way. 

Authors:   Muhammad Anwar[1], Allama Ikram Wali[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.11

Abstract

Economic stability is very important in the human life and plays important role in making the life easy and comfortable. Therefore every person in the society wants his economy to be stable. Islam wants stability of economic. Islamic economics is a complete system which provides the basic rules and principles of economic stability which are must for the economy to grow and be stable. Islam provides a framework and guide lines for mankind, by which human beings should conduct their economic affairs to maintain the economy stable. This article attempts to analyze Islamic Principles of Economic stability. This study employed a critical and comparative research methodology for analyzing the basic Islamic principles which plays significant role in the economic stability of a person and society. This study will contribute in the field of Islamic Economics and will be beneficial for researchers and scholars of Islamic economic and Islamic banking. 

Authors:   Zia U-Din[1], Muhammad Nuaman [2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.12

Abstract

Allah SWT; the Omnipotent, Almighty and Creator of the Universe, has created Human beings and Jins for His worship. He bestowed His revelation to His Prophets to guide creatures how to worship Him. Miracles are revealed to support their mission, which were considered manifestations of the prophethood and to nullify the doubts being raised regarding their message. The Holy Quran has testified the revelation of Torah but also verifies that it has been abrogated and manipulated by Jews and their scholars called Rabbis. The present study will undertake that how the Holy Quran and Torah describe the Divine intervention in the form of miracles; bestowed upon His prophet Moses AS, for the purpose to let the antagonists and unbelievers know that these prophets and their mission is true. It is found that there were decisive differences to approach the essence of miracles, presented in both religions; Islam and Judaism, which resulted discrimination in faith. To undertake this study, the researcher has adopted the comparative methodology of text reading and analysis of both Holy Quran and Torah. 

Authors:   Shabana Noureen[1], Dr.Naseem Akhtar[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.13

Abstract

Migration is an esteem worship and is the primary, significant and essential component of Islamic Sharia, that becomes the expression for framing the ideology, deeds and actions of the believers. Emigration does not merely mean translocation but it is indeed defying the limits that have restricted human imagination. Emigration is doing away with all these boundaries and entering new horizons of freedom. It is the concept of migration that has provided strength to the idea of Jihad (holy war) which in turn inculcates the quality of sacrificial deeds in human beings in the presence of which they whole heartedly sacrifice even their lives to please the Almighty Allah. It is based on it that Islamic Jurists have devised various Islamic rulings regarding migration in the light of Qura’an and Hadith. Therefore in this article given are some of the important points of Islamic Jurists in this regard

Authors:   Niaz Badshah[1], Javed Khan[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.14

Abstract

Arab Writers and poets had a great knowledge of Elim-ul Badea (البديع علم ,( Before Islam. Elm-ul Badea (البديع علم (can be found extensively both in their poetry and prose. With the advent of Islam and the revelation of Quran (a literal Miracle of Allah Al-Mighty), rhetoric has reached to its peak, which made it the center of attention for the Writers and intellectuals. They have made their researches of Quran from different angles, i.e. the lexicon miracles, literal interpretation, style and rhetoric of the Holy Book, but Elm-ul- Badea (البديع )علم is such a part of literature which is always open for more research, so this research focuses on the Moral enhancers (المعنوية المحسنات (which is a part of the Elm-ul-Badea in the Quran. This work will throw light on those verses of Quran in which Moral enhancers(المعنوية المحسنات (are present, and are defined as rhetorical explanations beside the definition of Elm-ul-Badea, its development stages, and the difference of opinion among the scholars about the topic. Quran is the Holy Book of Allah Al-Mighty and is the Miracle of the Holy prophet Muhammad peace be upon Him, which challenged the whole world to bring verses like it, and it appeals the human being to think in its meanings. I tried to explore the المعنوية المحسنات of Quranic rhetoric. There is a great scope for researchers to explore the Moral enhancers المعنوية المحسنات of Quranic Rhetoric. I have used descriptive and analytical approach while doing this research to attain the required results.  

Authors:   Umar Saleem[1], Dr.Rashida Perveen[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahm-i-islam.3.1.15

Abstract

In general, this research revealed the error of the common assumption that "a state of negativity, dependency and self-reliance has prevailed over the participation of Indian women in public life, and that she was suffering from marginalization and exclusion from participation in political, social and scientific life". In fact, woman played important role in political sphere and some important personalities have been taken into consideration to unveil their efforts in politics. Similarly, the Indian woman gained a great deal of political influence. She took responsibility for governing herself at times in managing governance affairs. This political role was not limited to Muslim women alone, but was also found among Sikh and Hindu women. This article appraises the role of woman in political sphere during Mughal Era and British domain.

Volume No. 03

Issue No. 1