Muhammad Junaid Yousaf
Pakistan carries one of the world’s highest burdens of chronic hepatitis and mortality due to liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. In Pakistan about 10-12 million of the people are suffering from hepatitis B. World Health organization estimates that there are about 300 million of carriers of HBV all over the world. This study is conducted in the Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar. A total of 3,977 patients, belonging to different localities were screened for HBsAg by using ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay) and ICT (immune chromatographic technique). Out of 3,977 cases, 81(2.03%) were positive for HBV. Co-infection was found only in 6 patients. The common risk factors associated with HBV was found such that history of dental treatment was 70%, treatment from unqualified doctor 49%, history of blood transfusion 43%, history of minor/major surgery 40%, HBV positive patients in family 35%, shaving from street barbers 32%, diabetes 16%, tattooing 11%, HCV co- infection 7.41%, sharing of drug injecting equipment’s 1.2%, HIV and T.B co- infection was 0%.