Pakistan Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences Research

Authors:   Mr.Muhammad Amir[1], Mr. Sultan Mahmood[2], Mr. Faraz Ali Shah[3], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/pjhssr.1.2.1

Abstract

This paper tries to analyze the views of the two great Muslim leaders and scholars Allama Muhammad Iqbal, and Mawdudi especially on Nationalism and Democracy. Both have scholarly views on these issues. They were against the western concept of the nationalism and democracy and stated that these concepts are not in the favor of Muslims of the subcontinent and are against the Islamic principles. They opposed West minster democracy and nationalism. While they emphasised on the sovereignty of Allah and Islamic sharia, they argued that the narrow concept of nationalism based on boundaries, race, culture, language is against the Islamic concept of Ummah and not in favor of the future of the Muslims of the sub-continent. To find out the research problem secondary as well as primary sources are used in order to collect data.

Authors:   Mr. Asghar Ali[1], Mr. Sajjad Ali[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/pjhssr.1.2.2

Abstract

This research is about the impact of determinants of poverty in Pakistan. In this paper five independent macroeconomics variables that are government expenditure, budget deficit, unemployment rate, exchange rate and inflation rate are studied. In methodology, we have applied the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) method. The time series data is used which consist of 19 observation that is 1995 to 2013 which we collect from different sources such as (WDI) and (The Global Economy.Com). Through this model we inquired the effect of Government Expenditure, Budget Deficit, Unemployment Rate, Exchange Rate, and Inflation Rate on poverty in Pakistan. Government expenditure and budget deficit have inverse relationship while unemployment has a direct relationship with poverty in Pakistan. Furthermore in this model we seek the impact of inflation rate and exchange rate which help us show negative relationship with poverty while inflation has also a direct relationship with it. In this thesis all of the five variables have been used with three out of five have negative and the other two have a positive relationship with poverty.

Authors:   Prof. Dr. Ghazala Yasmin[1], Ms. Maleeha Khan[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/pjhssr.1.2.3

Abstract

This research explores the leadership traits that are important to improve job performance of employees in the private education sector of Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). Numerous aspects of a leader’s traits were investigated including motivational support, acknowledgement, appreciation, guidance and optimistic attitude from employees’ perspective. A self constructed questionnaire was designed and administered on teachers of reputable private schools of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The instrument’s validity and reliability was checked with Cronbach’s Alpha. This research uses Chi Square test in order to analyze the relationship between the multiple variables that are mentioned above and job satisfaction that in turn affects and improves the Employees’ Performance. The obtained results showed that there is a high significance between leadership traits and employees’ job satisfaction. Furthermore, the study recommends adapting an acceptable leadership style with positive traits in order to enhance the employee performance and achieve personnel job satisfaction.

Authors:   Mr. Khurshaid [1], Mr.Ahmad Ali[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/pjhssr.1.2.4

Abstract

Humanitarianism is war’s philosophy to treat the enemy as a human after becoming dysfunction to fight further. So far, humanitarian law is clear- at least in codes- regarding international and traditional wars. After 9/11 the world experienced a total new war where, at least one party is nonstate actor. How to deal the injured, captured and dead combatants and non-combatants during the war became unclear and debatable. The war was fought in the parts of Pakistan including Swat that witnessed a huge displacement and destruction. People suffered hugely at the hands of the combating parties. It made it debatable to study whether there is a set of humanitarian codes, owned and practiced by military and militants. An intellectual work therefore, is mandatory to know the roots, sources and codes of humanitarian principles of the war on terror and its relevance with the fighting in Swat.

Authors:   Mr. Majid Ali[1], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/pjhssr.1.2.5

Abstract

The paper aims to examine empirically the nexus between foreign direct investment, domestic investments and economic growth in Pakistan by using time series data. An OLS technique is used to analyze the relationship between FDI, Public and Private investment, Personal remittances with gross domestic products panning from 1976-2016. For a data to be stationary, ADF test has been used and validated that all variables are stationary at level. Results of the study shows that both public and private sector investment are positively related with GDP but Public sector investment have an insignificant effect on GDP, while FDI found inversely and insignificantly correlated with GDP. Personal remittances (PR) relate negatively and have a significant impact on GD. Private investment are found to be the most significant variable which can effect GDP, showing that private investment can fueled economic growth of Pakistan. Hence, the Government of Pakistan needs to formulate such a policy frame work, which focuses on private sector investment in order to enhance economic growth.

Authors:   Miss. Nayab Karim[1], Dr Farah Khan[2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/pjhssr.1.2.6

Abstract

It is widely accepted that the education sector plays a vital role in the development of the economy and has a positive impact on the economic growth, this study is an attempt to explore the relationships among the investment in the human capital, physical capital and the school enrollment and its impact on the growth of Pakistan’s economy. This study focus on time series analysis, the data has traced from World Development Indicators from 1980 to 2018. The empirical results showed that the investment in physical capital and school enrollment has a positive significant impact on the growth of Pakistan’s economy. Therefore, the government of Pakistan should focus more on investment in education sector and thereby improve social prosperity.

Authors:   Miss. Ansa Javed Khan[1], Prof. Dr. Ghazala Yasmeen[2], Dr. Ahmad Ali[3], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/pjhssr.1.2.7

Abstract

Since inception, Pakistan is having a federal democracy. Provinces are authorized in the important subjects with regard to public services of the economy including security and law making at Provincial level. The first part of the paper briefly discusses the 18th amendment which was incorporated by the National Assembly of Pakistan on 8th April 2010. The amendment has not only brought major changes in the constitution of 1973 but has redefined the correlation between the two significant tiers of the governments. Central government was entrusted with the domains such as defense, currency and foreign affairs etc. while all the residuary powers were given to the Provinces. The second part of the paper primarily focuses the empowerment of the provinces in terms of financial matters under 7th NFC Award. Pakistan has designed an elegant fiscal arrangement under National Finance Commission (NFC) which has chalked out the procedure for distribution of national revenue between the federal government and the governments of federating units. Along with the comparison of p

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