International Journal of Psychological and Behavioural Research (IJPBR)

Authors:   Faheem Uddin [1], Erum Irshad [2], DOI:


This study assumed that Sufism would have a positive influence that can lead to increase in satisfaction level. In Sufism, the disciple (murid) follows spiritual path under the guidance and supervision of a Sufi-master. This research investigated the relationships of religiosity with life satisfaction, hope and optimism. The study was designed to compare two groups of the disciples (murid) and non-disciples. It was hypothesized that disciples will score higher on life satisfaction and religiosity. The disciples & non-disciples (both enrolled as university students) selected through purposive sampling from the five public sector universities in Peshawar, Pakistan. The Index of Religiosity (IOR; Aziz & Rehman, 1996), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS; Diener et al., 1985), Adult Hope Scale (AHS; Snyder, et al., 1991), Life Orientation Test Revised (LOT-R; Scheier, et al., 1994) and Personal Information Sheet was administered to collect the data. The findings of the study revealed a significant difference between the disciples and non-disciples on religiosity and satisfaction with life. Religiosity was found to be positively related to life satisfaction as well as hope and optimism. This indicates that religiousness and the master-disciple relationship help boost positive emotions. This study has implications for the counselors and psychotherapists to improve the psychological well-being of clients.

Authors:   Tahira Jabeen [1], Basit Ismail [2], Saima Jabeen [3], DOI:


The aim of the present study was to assess indirect effects of Peshawar Massacre on parents due to media coverage. For this purpose, 480 parents having age 25 to 55 years and their children were also school going children were selected through purposive sampling method from Rawalpindi. Inclusion criteria of parents was that at least they had one school going child. Data from parents were collected using Urdu version of Post-traumatic stress disorder checklist (PCL-C) (Mushtaq & Rehman 2005). Reliability of Urdu version of (PCL-C) was 0.84 and inter scale correlation among subscales was 0.68, 0.73 and 0.74 that shows high construct validity of the scale. The results of chi square analysis that parents experienced indirect effects of Peshawar Massacre due to media coverage but significance means differences do not existed among groups. Fathers reported high PTSD as compare to mothers. The possible reason of this is may be due to the cultural differences as culture of Pakistani society is residing on collectivistic society and social terms are strong among people. Another possible reason is the belief system of the people that it happened by the will of Allah or predestined to happen.

Authors:   Hareera Zeb [1], Asma Abra [2], DOI:


The present study investigates the association between assertiveness and big five personality traits (extroversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, and openness to experience). To assess the relationship between the variables a sample of 150 individuals were selected from various places within Peshawar i.e., markets and parks. Data was analyzed using SPSS 22. Findings of the study indicate that there exists significant positive association between assertiveness and extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness. There exists inverse relation between assertiveness and neuroticism. Further results showed that there is no relation between assertiveness skills of an individual and openness to experience. The study has several implications in educational and daily life functioning

Authors:   Saima Darwaish [1], Lubna Nazneen [2], DOI:


Current study aimed to investigate the impact of TikTok and the relationship between TikTok and narcissism among youth. The data was collected using the self-developed scale for TikTok use, the TikTok Use Scale (TUS) and Hypersensitivity Narcissism Scale (HSNS) (Hendin & Cheek, 1997). The data was collected through convenient sampling technique from different schools, colleges and universities in the age range of 15-30. The sample consisted of two hundred (N=200) school, college and university students. The data was analyzed using SPSS. The Linear Regression analysis was used to find out the impact of TikTok use on narcissism, at p<.001. TikTok use was found to be a significant predictor among youth. The conclusion of the study is that the youth should decrease the amount of time they use Tiktok.

Authors:   Rayna Sadia [1], Saba Ghayas [2], Sadia Huda [3], Saira Khan [4], DOI:


Materialism has been consistently regarded with less satisfaction with life in general. This may be explained as people who hold materialistic values are less grateful and therefore, consequently are either not satisfied or less satisfied with their relationships and life (overall). The present research investigated how being grateful would affect the marital satisfaction of married individuals, holding high materialistic values. Married individuals (N = 200), through purposive and convenient sampling technique, responded on a booklet comprised of Gratitude Questionnaire (McCullough et al., 2002), Materialistic Values Scale (Richins & Dawson, 1992) and Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale (Schumm et al., 1983). Results indicated satisfactory reliability of the instruments of the study. Hypotheses testing revealed significant positive associations between gratitude and marital satisfaction. However, materialism was found to be negatively associated with both gratitude and marital satisfaction. Similar, results were further indicated in the prediction analysis which was further confirmed through mediation analysis as gratitude mediated the association. These findings of the study could be helpful for professionals in the field in the current scenario of the pandemic. As the pandemic is not over yet, and the economies are facing numerous challenges which has affected the family life of individuals.

Volume No. 02

Issue No. 01