Authors:   Madiha Hussain [1], Alina Tahir [2], Faiqa Murtaza [3], DOI:


The present study aims to examine the issues of Marxist feminism in the selected novels “The Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austen and “Unmarriageable” by Soniah Kamal. However, the main purpose of the study is to explore the aspects of patriarchal society and limited choice for women in all matters in the context of two different cultures. The other reason for the study is to educate women about their rights and make them independent economically. The Marxist feministic notion of Fredriech Engel's (1884) has been applied as a theoretical framework. The findings show how the female characters struggle for their survival in a society where only men can give them save economic life. The protagonists of both novels decided to live a single life without the support of a rich man and make money for themselves, but we see that both of them end up marrying a rich man in the town. So that shows that women have to go a long way to make themselves financially independent. They cannot live a satisfactory life by earning money themselves still they need the support of a man. Thus the study concludes with a view that societies presented in the novels are extremely patriarchal where women are forced to accept the roles decided for them and live a dependent life. The basic reason for women exploitation begins with the family, where they are always suppressed in making choices in meals, education, and marriage. There is a need to spread awareness among people. People should be educated to erase this discrimination and find a pure classless society, in which women are respected and honoured without facing prejudice by men

Authors:   Amna Arshad [1], Dr. Aleem Shakir [2], DOI:


Recent technological advancement on social media and the internet has given popularity to the online book review and acknowledged it as a distinctive register. The research aims to explore the linguistic variation of Pakistani online fiction book reviews with Biber (1988) five textual dimensions. A specialized corpus of these book reviews was developed through online newspapers, magazines and academic journals spanning over 10 years. The compiled corpus was analyzed by employing Biber (1988) multidimensional tagger. To explore the distinct identity of Pakistani online fiction book reviews as a register, the current research aims to explore linguistic variation across three mediums on five textual dimensions of Biber’s 1988 study. The findings of the study reveal Pakistani academic writing as highly informational, nonnarrative, exceedingly explicit, non-persuasive and impersonal in style. This study may be fruitful for journalistic writing courses, social media professionals, and ESP course developers.

Authors:   Ayesha Bashir [1], Dr. Durr-e-Nayab [2], Maryam Hassan Ansari [3], DOI:


The present study aims to explore the way Angelou in her poetry, seems to challenge the patriarchal standards of beauty and the expectations that a woman needs to fulfil being a member of that society. Meanwhile, the researcher has applied mixed methods along with the implementation of Systemic functional linguistics as the theoretical framework of this study. However, the data of this investigation has been comprised of two poems entitled “Still I Rise" and Phenomenal Woman”. The purposive sampling technique has been applied by the researcher to get the particular data. In the data analysis section, first, the researcher did the quantitative analysis of the data by applying Halliday's (2004) model of transitivity and after that, she gave the qualitative interpretation of the data with the use of Simon de Beauvoir’s perspective of feminism given in her work entitled “The Second Sex” (1949). The findings revealed five types of processes in both poems, out of them material process was dominant throughout. Further, this transitivity system successfully explored the struggle of the speaker against the conventional rules to oppress women in the patriarchal society of America.

Authors:   Hassin Ur Rehman [1], Hafiz Imran Nawaz [2], DOI:


Kate Chopin is an American short story writer. She works beyond the imagination for female; therefore, she is considered to be a leading figure of feminism. She produces many short stories, but the story ‘The Story of an Hour’ is famous for the subjugation of female. It is semi autobiography of the writer that is why she has proposed her personal experience in this story. She fights for women in her era because she believes that there is no limit for women in social context. The researcher elaborates the elements of feminism through the character of Louise in her short story ‘The Story of an Hour’ from different perspective such as oppression, subjugations, freedom, identity, marriage, suffrage, struggle, and patriarchal system. The researcher applies Textual Analysis method along with the close reading to find out the above elements in the story. The researcher evaluates numerous research articles to provide evidence for the topic under stud.

Authors:   Nargis Noor Jalalzai [1], Shahtaj Akram [2], Khalida Naaz [3], DOI:


This study investigates the intricate challenges faced by undergraduate students in English translation through the analysis of text samples from a cohort of 40 participants. By identifying and elaborating on key themes such as linguistic complexity, grammatical inconsistencies, cultural nuances, lexical choices, syntax issues, and terminology discrepancies, the research provides a comprehensive exploration of the difficulties encountered in the translation process. Drawing on specific examples, the study not only corroborates existing research findings but also contributes new insights into the nuanced nature of these challenges. The implications for educators and institutions are discussed, emphasizing the pressing need for targeted interventions. These interventions encompass language development programs, cultural sensitivity training, and the integration of technology to enhance students' translation competence. The study extends beyond mere identification of challenges by offering practical recommendations to improve the quality of English translation education at the undergraduate level. The findings serve as a valuable resource for educators, curriculum designers, and policymakers seeking to refine pedagogical approaches and provide more effective support structures for students navigating the complexities of English translation.

Authors:   Salma Naz [1], Manzoor Hassan [2], DOI:


This study offers an examination of Pakistani English novelist Azhar Noorani’s novel Black Bird in a White Cage. The concept of subjugation is predominant in all societies by means of power, oppression, and aggression. The word ‘power’ is present in one form or another. The core target of the researchers is to investigate how, amid authority, silence becomes not only women’s identity but also exposes male members of society as subalterns. While employing Spivak’s concept of subalterns, it is critically evaluated that subalterns can speak and know how to raise their voice, but they go unheard. Additionally, Spivak’s concept of subaltern is further backed up by Ranajit Guha’s observation on discernment in terms of class and gender. Following the close reading method, this paper concentrates on the experiences of Jannat and Dildar and other male and female characters as subalterns and their experiences, resistance, and consequences.

Volume No. 03

Issue No. 02