Pakistan Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences Research

Authors:   Imran Ashraf Malik [1], Dr. Haroon-ur-Rashid [2], Hanood Shah [3], DOI:


The current research was carried out to find the relationship of emotional granularity, perceived criticism and marital satisfaction among couples. Sample comprised of individuals who were couples (44 men, 44 women) and were selected by using purposive sampling technique from Islamabad. All the participants were educated. The inclusion criterion states that they must have at least one child. Exclusion criterion states that the newly married couples whose duration of marriage is less than 1 year will not be part of this study. The average wedded life duration of sample ranges between 1.5 and 30 years of marriage. Along with demographic sheet, standardized images from the Open Affective Standardized Image Set (OASIS), Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Level of Expressed Emotion Scale-criticism items (LEE), Urdu translated version of ENRICH Couple scale were administered in this research. Correlation and mediation analysis were computed to examine the relation between variables. This study found that the couples having low emotional granularity rate were low on marital satisfaction and perceived their partner’s comments as a criticism. They rate higher on perceived criticism from their partner thus scoring low on marital satisfaction. Mediation analysis was also done to find the mediating role of study variables on marital satisfaction. Results indicated that total effect of negative affect on marital satisfaction is significant. The research offers a general pragmatic substantiation and speculative understanding about the role of perceived criticism in prediction of marital satisfaction from emotional granularity. It unlocks novel facets for marital literature. The outcomes of the existing study augment the understanding amid partners and therapists to guide couples who are struggling for more contentment in life.

Authors:   Dr. Haroon-ur-Rashid [1], Imran Ashraf Malik [2], Gulfam Yousaf [3], DOI:


In this study, the relationship of father's life status and socioeconomic status with emotional intelligence of students was investigated. A total of 150 college students were included in the study. The data were collected through the Emotional Intelligence Scale. The results of the study showed that there was a significant relationship between father's life status and emotional intelligence of students. There was also a significant relationship between socioeconomic status and emotional intelligence of students. The results of the study indicated that father's life status is insignificant but socioeconomic status is significant predictor of emotional intelligence among college students.

Authors:   Miss Halima Nawaz [1], Dr. Shahzadi Seema [2], DOI:


The study aimed to investigate the impact of tuition centers on students' academic achievement, focusing on the strategies employed for exam preparation. Utilizing a descriptive approach, researcher-constructed questionnaires were administered to students from four tuition centers, targeting Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC) students in pre-medical and pre-engineering courses. A sample of 160 students was selected via purposive sampling. Descriptive analysis and chi-square tests were conducted using SPSS version 25, supplemented by a pilot study to ensure questionnaire validity. Results indicated a significant positive impact of tuition centers on academic performance, with variations noted among students' perceptions of employed strategies. Recommendations include fostering conducive learning environments on campus and implementing differentiated instruction to meet diverse learner needs.

Authors:   Shabbir Ahmad [1], Imran Ashraf Malik [2], Muhammad Yasseen Jadoon [3], DOI:


This study intended to explore the association between life orientation, self-control, and depression, with a particular focus on the mediating role of emotional regulation among patients with depression. The study recruited 100 individuals through purposive sampling technique with 50 male and 50 female patients from various clinics and hospitals in Karachi, who had previously been diagnosed with mild, moderate and severe forms of depression. To comprehensively assess various aspects of their psychological well-being, three distinct scales were employed as measurement tools. These scales encompassed the evaluation of life orientation, focusing on optimistic and pessimistic behaviors, an assessment of emotional regulation, and the brief self-control scale to gauge self-control abilities of the sample. Findings of this study revealed several significant results. Firstly, it was observed that there exists a significant and positive correlation between an individual's life orientation and their emotional regulation. Additionally, a positive relationship was found between emotional regulation and self-control. Moreover, the study's results provided support for the proposed mediating role of emotional regulation in the relationship between life orientation and self-control. Furthermore, the study also explored demographic variations in the study variables.

Authors:   Zubia Shakir [1], Amin ullah Khan [2], Rohila Naz [3], DOI:


In contemporary urban environments, the phenomenon of youth offenses holds significant implications for both individuals and families. This review paper aims to provide a comprehensive sociological analysis of the influence of urban youth offenses on family dynamics. Drawing upon theoretical frameworks, empirical studies, and case analyses, this paper explores the intricate interplay between urban environments, familial structures, and youth delinquency. By examining the mechanisms through which familial contexts influence the onset and perpetuation of youth offenses, as well as the reciprocal effects of delinquency on family dynamics, this review sheds light on the complexities inherent in addressing this multifaceted issue.

Volume No. 07

Issue No. 01