It is the author(s)' responsibility to make certain that s/he has submitted an entirely original work, giving due credit, by virtue of proper citations, to the works and/or words of others where they have been used.
Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is not acceptable.
Material quoted verbatim from the author(s)' previously published work or other sources must be placed in quotation marks.
Falsification of data: ranges from fabrication to deceptive selective reporting of findings and omission of conflicting data, or willful suppression and/or distortion of data.
As per HEC’s policy, in case the manuscript has a similarity index of more than 19%, it will either be rejected or left at the discretion of the Editorial Board for the purposes of a conditional acceptance.