Mulla Khusro was one of the most famous and intelligent scholars of Ottoman era. In the 14th century during the era of Caliphate Murat II, he completed the religious education and started teaching in Shah Malik Madrasa. He also worked as mufti and Qazi (justice) in different cities after serving in the army as teacher and Qazi for many years. He is not only known as Qazi or mufti but is also for being sheikh ul Islam. He is also famous for writing several books about Arabic Language, fiqh (jurisprudence), Principles of Islamic jurisprudence and literature. His most famous book is Durar al Hukkam in which he reviewed the problems related to justice affairs. Later, Qazi (justice) used to refer to this book in matters of dispute. In this paper we will discuss briefly the life of Mulla Khusro and the place of his book in the Ottoman era. The topic is mostly written in the Turkish language so we will be focusing on such references.
The World History is full of such events wherein women have been described to lead miserable life as dependents or even like slaves in past especially before the dawn of Islam. The reason for this deprivation was the social oppression and lack of encouragement for them to participate in the activities related to nation building. Just having ushered the Islamic Era, the circumstances totally changed and the women folk, in the first instance was brought out of the quagmire of the centuries old traditions and at the same time was appreciated to take part in fields of life side by side with the men of their society. The Islamic Teachings in general and the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) in particular have always been very much supportive for the Muslim Women to adopt any profession or trade for earning their livelihood besides accomplishing several other social duties. Islam gave them freedom of ex
The former orientalist conceived that the Holy Quran came as a result of efforts done by prophet, but there are orientalists who believe that it was not due to the efforts by human but it came over the passage of time. Generally, the orientalists made every effort to affront the true and holy image of last prophet PBUH-the final messenger of Allah as well as the Quran, (revealed words of Allah) in a bid to create ambiguity and hurt the reliability of both. They also left no opportunity to touch and allegedly refer to as Satanic verses. Some of them who are more significant in paying heed specifically to this issue in their work are Karen Armstrong, Montgomery Watt and Maxims Robinson. According to objective of their work is to prove this fallacy that Quran does not come due to revelation from Allah. But, most famous Muslim scholars like Al-Qurtabi, Al-Radi, Qadi Ayaz and Ibn al-Arabi provided proofs that this is only myth and Satanic verses have no base at all. The article is focused to analyse the Orientalists views on the satanic verses and their drastic failure in upholding their objectivity pertaining to the false story. This research paper is intended to study that how they failed in proving the major objectives of the false story.
Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) has practically guided the Muslims in all spheres of life including faith, jurisprudence, economics, politics and social circles. Muslims’ ruled the world as long as they followed the Prophet and the Islamic teachings. As soon as they started ignoring the rules of Shari’ah, they fell into a political failure and economic deprivation. Leadership is such an important aspect in which lies the secret of national, political and social development. Leadership is given such importance in Islam that Prophet (SAW) has given special instructions about the eligibility to be the leader of Muslim society. According to Islamic Jurisprudence and the teachings of the Holy Prophet (SAW), leadership can only be given to the eligible and efficient figures. If authority and control is given to some ineligible or incapable people, it is not only unsuitable but a cruelty. Muslim Ummah in general and the public of Pakistan in particular had never so intensely desired for a noble leadership possessing high qualities as they need it today. Pakistani nation has reached the verge of chaos and destruction which is leading to fatal and horrible consequences. The ideology of standard and capability has clearly been interpreted in Qur’an and Sunnah. This is further supported by the practices of the Muslims in the past. This research has focused on gathering the data about ideology of standard and eligibility for the selection/election of individuals according to the Seerah of the Prophet (SAW).
Islam is a complete code of life which provides us guidance and awareness in all fields of life. Amongst the Islamic science, law of inheritance is the most important one. Its importance can be assessed from the very fact that it is that science which has been discussed in detail by Allah in Quran.(Shares of all relatives etc. have been specifically identified in Quran). Through this science Islam has facilitated all of the heirs to receive their shares as per their proportions equally without any distinction on the basis of social position i.e. poor or rich any other consideration. However “here are a few commandments of Islamic science of inheritance regarding which different points of views have been presented by Shia'a sect as compared to that of Ahl-e-sunnat Wal-Aljumaat e.g: Awal (a kind of slaves) Ta'aseeb i.e. the relatives from father side, the inheritance of elder son, of the widow ‘and the grand son from daughter side. In this article we are going to discuss all of the details regarding the disputed points along with the issues on which these two sects have agreed (do not have any difference).
The Holy Quran containing full of wonders beauty (al-muhassinat al-badi’iyyah), one of the most prominent kind of this muhassinat is Tibaq which is called as Al-Tibaq in rhetoric. It is important for a literature scholar to search around this kind in the various Sura’h of the Holy Quran and clarify Tibaq. As researchers we have selected the topic: Feature of Al-Tibaq in the three Surah of Holy Quran. (Surah Al-Zumur, Surah Al- Ghafir & Surah Al-Fasilat). The researchers tried their best to derive and clarify the Al-Tibaq feature from the verses in these surahs. This result to show wonders beauty of Al-tibaq through the explanation of the related verses from the (Surah Al-Zumur, Surah Al- Ghafir & Surah Al-Fasilat).