Authors:   Naseem Hayat [1], Mushtaq Ahmad [2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahmiislam.v6i1.371


Islam assures the rights and protection of all humans. That's why it guides us to forbid all those acts that could harm others. The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon, has declared it against Islam to damage anyone. "The true Muslim is he from whose tongue and hands others are safe." Allah the almighty has not only ordered to keep protected the respect and dignity of others but has introduced laws to punish the malpractices. The punishments are based on the level of commitment, as ordered. Don't do backbiting or don't describe shortcomings of others, don't call names and don't give nicknames, "don't be jealous of one another, "don't keep enmity to one another," even have forbidden from actions that create confusion and misconceptions. The Prophet said, peace be upon him, "Don't make perceptions as mostly perceptions lie." On this basis, Islam has introduced cases where a person blames somebody for adultery, and then they must provide four witnesses. Otherwise, he has to punish 80 whips for making a false accusation. Similarly, if somebody blames their spouse, they must swear five times for their justification. As Islam purely believes in protecting rights in a family system, keeping the rights of spouses, it's essential to protect the rights of marriages and families too. A person who commits such swears has to separate from their spouse and is called "Li'aan," a person who curses themselves or has sworn allegations of adultery committed by one's spouse.

Authors:   Hafiz Muhammad Umair Shafi [1], Dr Muhammad Atif Aslam Rao [2], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahmiislam.v6i1.372


Islam guides comprehensively regarding the economy, an essential aspect of human life, so every human being becomes aware of legal and illegal implications before getting his sustenance. However, some commercial practices have flourished in society over time, which are doubtful according to Islamic jurisprudence. People are getting involved due to ignorance and sometimes due to greed. A similar type of business is Network Marketing. In this system, an individual, having become a company member, persuades others to become its members. Many jurists have declared this type of trade illegitimate and undesirable based on corruption, interest, uncertainty, bribery and fraud. This article discusses the origin, types and practices adopted by the companies involved in such business. Initially, thorough research is presented on the introduction and development of network marketing. Later, various types of network marketing and their details are elaborated. Subsequently, a detailed overview and in-depth analysis of network marketing is presented, highlighting several illegitimate elements in this process, such as bribery, gambling, embezzling and fraudulent, hurting a believer and many Shariah aspects of illegitimacy that do not only fall against Islam but also against morality, honesty and economy of the country. All this discussion is made with examples from the network marketing that are in practice currently. In the end, the research concludes with a summary of the entire research. The researchers also put forward some suggestions about this marketing system. In the 21st century, like in every other field, many developments are being made in the financial sector. Scholars are responsible for endeavoring and presenting Islamic guidelines to protect people from sins and fraud. In this c

Authors:   Naheeda Bibi [1], Dr. Hafiz Ijaz Ali [2], Najam ud Din [3], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahmiislam.v6i1.373


Islam has ordered us to research every matter, its command in the Ayat alKareema; as Allah says: " O believers, if any false person comes to you with any news, then investigate him thoroughly, lest you unknowingly cause any harm to any person, then you will regret what you have done". The hadiths exhort doing prayer (dua) for research and describe its virtues. These are proof of its importance. Muslim scholars have declared authenticity, integrity, impartiality, nonbiased behavior and caution as necessary for research so that the research can reach the right conclusion.۔ Its benefits include issues of public interest such as editing, summarizing, detailing, interpretation and facilitation of sciences and arts in addition to discovery and invention. In this paper, we will discuss all aspects of research in the light of Islamic principles.

Authors:   Dr. Hafiz Ahmad Saeed Rana [1], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahmiislam.v6i1.374


Sharaf Al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Saʿīd Al-Ṣanhājī Al-Būṣīrī (d: 697 AH) was a master of Arabic rhetoric, and his famous poem "Al-Burdah," tagged with "Al-Kawākib AlDurriyyah Fī Madḥ Khayr Al-Bariyyah" is a testament to his skill in this field. The poem is known for its complex and intricate use of rhetorical devices, including metaphor, simile, allusion, and rhyme. One of the most prominent rhetorical devices used in the poem is the use of simile, where the poet compares the Prophet Muḥammad's physical and moral attributes to natural phenomena such as the sun, moon, and stars. This technique highlights the Prophet's greatness and creates vivid and memorable images in the reader's mind. Another notable aspect of the poem's rhetoric is its use of repetition, particularly in the refrain that appears at the end of each stanza. This repetition reinforces the poem's themes and creates a sense of rhythm and musicality that adds to its beauty. Additionally, the poem uses rhetorical questions, hyperbole, and irony to convey its message and engage the reader. Combined with the poem's religious and cultural significance, these techniques have made it a beloved and enduring work of Arabic literature. So, in this article, we will examine the status of the second 31 couplets of "Al-Qaṣīdah Al-Burdah" so that it can be known the artistic quality of such a popular Qaṣīdah.

Authors:   Dr. Muhammad Rashid [1], Dr. Zulfiqar Ali [2], Dr. Tariq Khan [3], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahmiislam.v6i1.375


This study investigates cohesion, one of rhetoric's foremost and fundamental characteristics, in the famous Arabic text ‘Maqamat-al-Hariri’ taught in Madaris (religious seminaries) in Pakistan. The study considers cohesive tools, meaning, and functions to connect a text like an organic whole. The theoretical framework adopted is the text-linguistic approach. Reviewing previous literature reveals that cohesion has been studied in different academic and research fields. Although there are several studies about cohesion in the Holy Al-Quran, cohesion in any Arabic text other than the Al-Quran has not been considered academically. The study concentrates on cohesive devices and their functions in Maqamat-al-Hariri using Hasan and Halliday’s model. The primary objective was to analyse the text for lexical cohesion, conjunctions, references, ellipsis and substitution. The results revealed that the most frequently used device is personal reference, conjunction while reiteration and the ellipsis is the least used cohesive device in the selected text. In all Maqamat-al-Hariri, there is no single sentence that does not have a cohesive device. A web of cohesive devices ties all Maqamat-al-Hariri together, making it one of the prominent coherent Arabic texts

Authors:   Dr. Farhana Mehmood [1], Dr. Ansaruddin Madni [2], Rabia Rehman [3], DOI: https://doi.org/10.37605/fahmiislam.v6i1.376


The two worlds were made by Allah swt the physically visible world and the metaphysically invisible realm according to Muslim Theology. The unseen ‘Al-Ghayb’ means the things that cannot be perceived by the five senses or hidden or concealed from the human eye. Some modern Muslim theologians have the misperceptions concerning the ‘unseen creatures’ and their consequences or influences on humans mentioned in Quran which guides that these ‘unseen creatures’ may lead man towards the disturbance in the human nature as well as assistance to the man which effects man’s life. To belief in ghayb is the central element of Muslim’s belief. Invisible beings are made in the world entities that are invisible to the human eye be present in a world that is parallel to the physical world. The Qur'an and the literature of the Hadiths both feature stories about these creatures. The present study's focus is on determining whether the nature of invisible beings is good or evil, as well as how they interact with the physical world. Unseen creatures make people’s devastation and spoil their hearts and thoughts too to ruin their selves. There are invisible creatures that contribute to make man’s life and assist during the course of man’s life. The importance of studying the invisible beings is such that Allah swt addressed its final revelation due to its significance and impact on human beings.

Volume No. 06

Issue No. 01